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Get First Colonoscopy at 45, not 50
Source — WebMD
Based on evidence that younger people are being diagnosed with colon cancer and would benefit from screening, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is moving the recommended age for colon cancer screening from 50 to age 45.

Comparison of Laparoscopic 270° Posterior Partial Fundoplication vs Total Fundoplication for the Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease A Randomized Clinical Trial
Source — JAMA Network

Key Points

Question Is partial or total fundoplication superior in laparoscopic antireflux surgery?

Finding In this randomized clinical trial including 456 patients, partial and total fundoplication were equally effective in reducing esophageal acid exposure after 3 years, while mechanical adverse effects were more common after total fundoplication.

Meaning Although partial and total fundoplication could be recommended for treatment of gastroesophageal reflux, partial fundoplication might be superior by inducing less dysphagia.

What the Mystery of the Tick-Borne Meat Allergy Could Reveal
Source — NY Times
Here’s a story from The New York Times that I thought you’d find interesting: Unraveling why tick bites are suddenly causing a strange reaction in some people who eat meat could help scientists better understand how all allergies work.
Drink Coffee, Avoid Gallstones?
Source — WebMD
To the many ways in which coffee seems to confer unexpected health benefits, add a lowered risk of painful gallstones.
A Gut Check for Many Ailments

What you think is going on in your head may be caused in part by what’s happening in your gut.

A growing body of research shows the gut affects bodily functions far beyond digestion. Studies have shown intriguing links from the gut’s health to bone formation, learning and memory and even conditions including Parkinson’s disease. Recent research found disruptions to the stomach or intestinal bacteria can prompt depression and anxiety—at least in lab rats.

What to Do About Gas Caused by High-Fiber Diets
Source — WebMD
If you want to reduce bloating when eating a high-fiber diet, try making it carbohydrate-rich rather than protein-rich, new study findings suggest.
Germs in Your Gut Are Talking to Your Brain. Scientists Want to Know What They’re Saying. - The New York Times
Source — NY Times

Germs in Your Gut Are Talking to Your Brain. Scientists Want to Know What They’re Saying.

The body’s microbial community may influence the brain and behavior, perhaps even playing a role in dementia, autism and other disorders.

In 2014 John Cryan, a professor at University College Cork in Ireland, attended a meeting in California about Alzheimer’s disease. He wasn’t an expert on dementia. Instead, he studied the microbiome, the trillions of microbes inside the healthy human body.

Study: Surgical delay associated with increased risk in some gastrointestinal malignancies
Source — EurekAlert
For some conditions, including cancer, timely surgery is critical for patients' survival. In a new study published in the Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, a team of investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) examined the effects of delaying surgery for gastrointestinal cancers.
Suffering some digestive troubles? Time to gut check your diet.
Source — Washington Post
Although chronic digestive disruptions warrant a doctor’s attention, “generally about 80 percent of patients will benefit from doing some sort of diet intervention,”
Research establishes strong association between family history and increased risk of colorectal cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases
Source — Mayo Clinic
How much impact does a family history of colon cancer have on the development of CRC in patients with IBD? To address this question, Mayo Clinic researchers conducted a population-based study that estimated the risk of CRC in a cohort of patients with IBD and the significance of family history of CRC in a first-degree relative. The results of this study were published in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology in 2019.
Are Fruit Juices Just as Unhealthy as Sugar-Sweetened Beverages?
Source — JAMA
Fruit juices are still widely perceived as a healthier option than SSBs. However, they often contain as much sugar and as many calories as SSBs. Although the sugar in 100% fruit juices is naturally occurring rather than added, once metabolized, the biological response is essentially the same.
Secrets of the Y Chromosome
Source — NYtimes
It’s not just what makes males into males. The sex chromosome also influences health in hidden ways, some experts believe, and may even explain why men have shorter life spans. In advance of Father’s Day, let’s take a moment to sort out the differences and similarities between “Dad jeans” and “Dad genes.” Dad jeans are articles of sex-specific leisure clothing, long mocked for being comfy, dumpy and elastic-waisted but lately reinvented as a fashion trend, suitable for male bodies of all shapes and ages.
Winemakers may add sugar to wine to “improve” the taste, and sugar content can vary widely.
Source — NYtimes

Q. Some wineries add sugar to dry red wines after fermentation so that they taste “smoother” to the American palate. How can I find out how much sugar is in what I am drinking?

A. To find out how much sugar might have been added to a given wine, your best bet may be to contact the producer directly.

How to Be Better at Stress
Source — NYtimes
Stress is unavoidable in modern life, but it doesn't have to get you down. Work, money and family all create daily stress, while bigger issues like politics and terrorism contribute to our underlying stress levels.
Minimally invasive surgery and its impact on 30‐day postoperative complications, unplanned readmissions and mortality.
Source — BJS
A critical appraisal of the benefits of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is needed, but is lacking. This study examined the associations between MIS and 30‐day postoperative outcomes including complications graded according to the Clavien–Dindo classification, unplanned readmissions, hospital stay and mortality for five common surgical procedures.
Meta-analysis comparing early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis
Source — BJS
Previous studies comparing early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) with delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DLC) for acute cholecystitis were incomplete. A meta‐analysis was undertaken to compare the cost‐ effectiveness, quality of life, safety and effectiveness of ELC versus DLC.
When Robotic Surgery Leaves Just a Scratch
Source — NYtimes
SURGEONS once made incisions large enough to get to a gallbladder or other organs by using conventional tools they held in their own hands. Today, many sit at a computer console instead, guiding robotic arms that enter the patient’s body through small openings not much larger than keyholes.
CDC: Bread beats out chips as biggest salt source
Source — USA Today

Bread and rolls are the No. 1 source of salt in the American diet, accounting for more than twice as much sodium as salty junk food like potato chips.

That surprising finding comes in a government report released Tuesday that includes a list of the top 10 sources of sodium. Salty snacks actually came in at the bottom of the list compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.